The Musée du Louvre is on the site of a keep that was built by King Phillippe-Auguste in the late 12th century. King Phillippe-Auguste was concerned with Viking invasions, and built a keep to protect the city of Paris. part of the building we see today was built by Francois I in the 16th Century and grew during the reign of subsequent Kings.
The collection of art in the museum is considered one of the best collections of art in the world. It too was started during the reign of Francois I, after he purchased 12 Italian paintings. The collection continued to grow through the years. It had 200 artworks during the reign of Louis XIV in the early 18th century, but there are over 35,000 artworks today.
If you are not sure exactly what pieces you want to or should check out, here are some of our favorites: Leonardo Da Vinci’s La Jaconde (The Mona Lisa), the Venus de Milo, Veronese’s The Wedding Feast At Cana, the Winged Victory of Samothrace, the Glass Pyramid, the Napoleon III Apartments and the Egyptian and Greek Antiquities Collections. This is a really short list only covering some basic works and areas.
I highly recommend you visit the museum website and research what is available to see. There are entire exhibits for every taste!
For more information about the museum and its exhibits, please visit: http://www.louvre.fr/en.